Introduction / History
The Ubi are a smaller Hadjeray (meaning mountain people) group, in the Guera province of central Chad. There are six Ubi villages to the south of the Bidiyo canton.
What are their lives like?
Their area receives rain earlier than most of the rest of the Guera, and has a very high water table, making it more fertile for agriculture. Many Ubi are able to produce more millet and sorghum grain than they need, which they sell for cash for things like tea and sugar. Ubi men also spend a lot of time weaving colorful palmfrond mats to sit on and sell in the larger Bitkine and Mongo markets.
The Ubi are proud of the new mosques in two of their villages, built of concrete and metal, a luxury in Chad where most villages only have mud and thatched huts. Though the Ubi are only about 50 km from Mongo, the provincial capital, the road is difficult, and in one of the villages, before linguistic surveyors visited, no white person had passed since a French colonist named Martin rode through on his horse before Chad's independence in 1960.
Text source: Anonymous