Oroqen of China
People Name: Oroqen
Country: China
Language: Evenki
Population: 11,000
Unreached: Yes
People Cluster: Altaic
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
% Adherents: 0.50 %
% Evangelical: 0.33 %
Progress Status: 1.0
Profile provided by:

Joshua Project
PO Box 62614
Colorado Springs, CO 80962
United States


Introduction / History
The Oroqen are a group renown for violence, drunkenness, and murder. For centuries the Oroqen have inhabited the Xingana Mountains of Northeast China. The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in the 1930s and 1940s drove the Oroqen far into the mountains and dense forests near China's borders with Russia. Life is hard for the Oroqen. For many generations, they have been nomads, roaming their vast homeland at will.

Oroqen men are skilled hunters and fishermen, living off the rich bounty of wildlife found in the region. They live in tents called "Xianrenzhu", which they covered with birchbark in the summer and deerskin during the harsh winter months, when temperatures plummet to as low as minus 40 degrees.

Shamanism is the primary religion of the Oroqen, they believe in an intricate system of demons and spirits which require the consulting of a Shaman to act as a middle man between them and the spirit world. The Oroqen word for the "Shaman" means "agitated or frenzied person." This reflects that appearance of the Shamans when they go into a demonic trance to contact the spirit-world. The Oroqen also worship certain animals, especially the bear and tiger. They believe they are related to them by blood and if they treat the beasts with respect they will never be harmed by them. They even called the bear "amaha", meaning "uncle", and the tiger "wutaqi" which means old man. Oroqen traditionally wear hats made of deer fur.

Oroqen of China