Introduction / History
As documented in British India gazetteers and surveys and hearsay, they are like many population groups of Bengal who were made outcaste during the Sen Dynasty due to their defiant nature and hunted to southern swamps till the Europeans came. They started migrating to the middle part of Bengal. The caste apartheid which ostracized them also to some extent protected them from mixing. However nowadays they are more or less accepted, particularly among uprooted Bengali Hindu settlements.
They identified themselves by their mythical clan Rishi Buddhas. The major clan is named after Rishi-Buddha Kashyap; or Mahakashyap after Nirvana. Mythologically they have the gotra name Kashyapa and follow the rituals of Muktavarna Sanatan according to the Kashyap gotra name. They were named Namsudra during the British regime and the use of the sanction term "Chandal" was banned by official order of the British-India government.
Now the community has gained acknowledgement under the name "Namassej" named after the Namas Rishi, son of the great clan Rishi Buddha Kashyapa. All other clans like Gautama, Lomasha, Sandilya and Bhardwaj have adopted the rituals of the Kashyapa clan. The community is the Namassej Muktovarno warrior clan now and follows the Avarna Sanatan Matua path. They are ideologically also influenced by Reverend Mead and other missionaries.
The discourse "Namassejsantokotha" highlights the influences of different spiritual ideologies. The One Great Book In Bengali named "Gour Bharata O Candala Mahavansha" by Samarendranath Baidya, where with the help of different historical elements it has been shown beyond doubt that they are actually the lost "warrior clan (Muktavarno) from the Chandel Kingdom" who fled to the Eastern zone and to Bengal and from the identity name "Chandel-land warriors nee Chandela', due to social conflicts, the term was changed to "Chandala" and this further derogated to the word "Chanral".
Historically a large community is never sanctioned by the "Chandal" legislation and in this book it has been shown that the Namassej or Namassej Chandel community was neither sanctioned by the socio-religious legislation nor is it actually "Chandal" (nee "Chanral") outcaste but due to socio-religious conflict this "Chandel people" were known derogatorily as "Chanral". (it is documented that the Varna Samaj even allowed them to wear sacred thread --- Adwaybajra wrote in Dohakosh Panjika; quoted in Dr. Sukumar Sen's History of Bengali Literature, 1st Vol ISBN 81-7066-966-9; page 18 ref 7 Ananda 1st Edition, January 1991)
The book,"Gour Bharata O Candala Mahavansha" has not given any link showing them related to any of the Rajput clans nor does the genetics of Y-Happloid (R1a1 and R2) prove them to be related to the tribes like Gond, Bhil, Meena etc. In all probability, it is a warrior clan denied acceptance into the Varna-apartheid system and which remained Muktavarno. Most probably they were the same warrior people of The Desh Chandela or the Chandela people. The mythology of namassejsantokotha mentions their migration in Gondoridi in three clans in mythological stories.
Text source: Anonymous