Introduction / History
The name Sinhala comes from the Sanskrit word for lion. Sinhalese are believed to be of Aryan descent. They migrated from India (Bengal, Orissa, and Gujarat) to Sri Lanka as early as the 6th century B.C. where they were known as Sinhalese. The Sinhalese King, court, and people converted to Indian Buddhism in the 2nd century B.C.
The Sinhalese are the dominant people of Sri Lanka where they make of 74% of the population. Some of these people left their island during the three decades long Sri Lankan civil war (1983-2009) and settled in many other countries, including Singapore.
The Sinhalese in Singapore speak their language of Sinhala among themselves. They also speak English which allows them to communicate and work with others in this land where English is one of the trade languages.
Where are they located?
The vast majority of the Sinhalese live in their native country, Sri Lanka, though there are small numbers of Sinhalese migrants in many countries in East Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and North America.
What are their lives like?
Most of the Sri Lankans in Singapore are Tamil Hindus, but there are a smaller number of Sinhalese Buddhists there. The Sinhalese people continue traditions that have been passed from their ancestors in Sri Lanka, while of necessity obeying the laws of the local government. Most of the Sinhalese traditions on marriage center on a single nuclear family, consisting of a married couple and their children. Yet a Sinhalese man or woman might have four marriages in their lifetime, due to the influence of Islam.
After marriage, a Sinhalese woman typically moves in with her husband's family unless she and her husband can afford to set up their own house. In the past, a Sinhalese couple did not need a marriage certificate to say that they were married. Both the bride and groom would testify that they were living together. Women do not accept their husband's names after marriage but continue to maintain their maiden names. The man is considered the authority of the household, but both man and woman can inherit property.
What are their beliefs?
The majority of Sinhalese in Singapore are Theravada Buddhist and the temple is the focal point of their activities. Besides the religious Wesak day (a Buddhist celebration of Buddha's enlightenment), the Sinhalese Buddhist community also celebrates the New Year usually on 14th April. New Year's Day begins with lighting a lamp and placing it in a prominent position in the house and it is believed to drive away evil spirits. Certain foods are required, and it is believed that eating these foods on an auspicious day will bring one good fortune throughout the year. This custom is still practiced despite disbelief among most people in their community today.
What are their needs?
The Buddhist Sinhalese diaspora need the chance to find their way to Jesus Christ, who offers life to the full.
Pray for His kingdom to come and His will to be done among the Buddhist Sinhalese people in Singapore.
Pray for workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to go to the Sinhalese people in their various locations.
Pray for a movement of Buddhist Sinhalese households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Sinhalese people to the arms of Jesus.
Text source: Keith Carey